Offices in Garden City, Roslyn Heights, and Rockville Centre
(516) 732-0273
Offices in Garden City, Roslyn Heights, and Rockville Centre
info@lipsychologist.com

What Are Some Lesser Known Learning Disabilities?

by May 26, 2024Child Psychology

Learning disabilities are neurological conditions that affect an individual’s ability to acquire, process, or communicate information effectively. While some learning disabilities, such as dyslexia and ADHD, are widely recognized and discussed, there are several lesser known learning disabilities that can significantly impact an individual’s educational experience and daily life.

Dyscalculia: Challenges with Numbers

Dyscalculia is a specific learning disability that affects an individual’s ability to understand and work with numbers. Children with dyscalculia may struggle with basic arithmetic, number sense, and mathematical reasoning. Common signs include:

  • Difficulty with Basic Math Operations – Struggles with addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
  • Problems Understanding Time – Difficulty reading clocks, understanding time intervals, or managing schedules.
  • Challenges with Numerical Information – Issues with counting money, measuring quantities, or recognizing patterns.

Early identification and intervention are very useful for helping individuals with dyscalculia develop effective strategies to manage their challenges.

Dysgraphia: Writing Difficulties

Dysgraphia is a learning disability that affects writing abilities, including handwriting, spelling, and composition. It is not simply poor handwriting but a neurological condition that makes the act of writing difficult. Key characteristics include:

  • Illegible Handwriting – Inconsistent spacing, poor letter formation, and difficulty writing on lines.
  • Spelling Challenges – Frequent spelling errors and difficulty remembering how to spell common words.
  • Difficulty Organizing Thoughts – Struggles with organizing ideas and putting them into written form.

Support for dysgraphia often includes occupational therapy, assistive technology, and specific writing instruction to improve writing skills.

Auditory Processing Disorder (APD): Hearing but Not Understanding

Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) affects how the brain processes auditory information. Individuals with APD may have normal hearing but struggle to interpret and make sense of sounds. Symptoms of APD include:

  • Difficulty Following Oral Instructions – Trouble understanding and remembering spoken directions.
  • Problems Distinguishing Similar Sounds – Difficulty differentiating between similar sounds, such as “cat” and “cap.”
  • Challenges with Background Noise – Difficulty understanding speech in noisy environments.

Interventions for APD may involve auditory training programs, environmental modifications, and strategies to improve listening skills.

Nonverbal Learning Disability (NVLD): Spatial and Social Challenges

Nonverbal Learning Disability (NVLD) is characterized by difficulties with visual-spatial, motor, and social skills. Individuals with NVLD often have strong verbal abilities but may struggle with nonverbal tasks. Key signs include:

  • Spatial Awareness Issues – Difficulty with puzzles, drawing, or understanding spatial relationships.
  • Motor Coordination Problems – Clumsiness, poor handwriting, and difficulty with fine motor tasks.
  • Social Skills Deficits – Trouble reading social cues, understanding body language, and making friends.

Support for NVLD may involve social skills training, occupational therapy, and strategies to improve visual-spatial reasoning.

Dyspraxia: Coordination and Motor Skill Challenges

Dyspraxia, also known as Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), affects fine and gross motor skills, making it difficult for individuals to perform coordinated movements. Common characteristics include:

  • Poor Motor Coordination – Clumsiness, difficulty with tasks such as tying shoelaces, and challenges with sports.
  • Speech Difficulties – Problems with pronouncing words correctly and coordinating the movements needed for speech.
  • Organizational Challenges – Difficulty planning and completing tasks in a structured manner.

Intervention for dyspraxia typically includes physical and occupational therapy to improve coordination and motor skills.

Therapy for Supporting Children with Learning Disabilities

Addressing learning disabilities typically involve a more holistic approach. While you may be able to find specialists to support specific disabilities, your child may also benefit from a therapist that works with kids and young adults, helping them address the anxieties, stresses, and more that can come from struggling with a learning disability in school.

If you’d like to learn more about how we support children with learning disabilities and address their mental health, contact Long Island Psychology, today.

Contact Long Island Psychology Today to Get Started

Long Island Psychology specializes in providing mental health treatments to adults of all ages that need help overcoming their mental health struggles. We are able to work with patients that are experiencing pain and provide appropriate mental health solutions based on your symptoms and experiences. Contact us today to get started.

Contact:

(516) 732-0273
info@lipsychologist.com

Download All Our Free Ebooks

Please complete the form below to subscribe and download all of our available ebooks.

Thank you! Please check your inbox to confirm.

Download Your Free Ebook

Download Your Free Ebook

Please complete the form below to subscribe and download your free ebook, Understanding Anxiety.

Thank you! Please check your inbox to confirm.

Download Your Free Ebook

Download Your Free Ebook

Please complete the form below to subscribe and download your free ebook, Understanding Relationships.

Thank you! Please check your inbox to confirm.

Download Your Free Ebook

Please complete the form below to subscribe and download your free ebook, Understanding Resilience.

Thank you! Please check your inbox to confirm.

Download Your Free Ebook

Please complete the form below to subscribe and download your free ebook, Understanding Depression.

Thank you! Please check your inbox to confirm.

Pin It on Pinterest

Share This